Addiction is characterized by the inability to consistently abstain from substance use, impairment in behavioral control, cravings, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response to stressors.
Is addiction a disease? Yes. Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.
Individuals that suffer from addiction will begin to show characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations of the disease. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. If these behaviors and substance use persist, even when negative consequences are happening, then addiction is the likely diagnosis.
We cannot offer diagnosis, counseling, or recommendations online, but an assessment and referral specialist is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 801-264-6000. You can also send us a message by filling out the contact form. If you are currently experiencing an emergency, please dial 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.